High Blood Pressure: What Does It Entail?

What is high blood pressure?

Blood pressure refers to the force with which blood flows in the arteries inside the human body. When this force exceeds a certain intensity and the walls of the arteries begin to receive a high amount of pressure for an extended period, the condition is termed as ‘high blood pressure.’ It is also often referred to as hypertension.

Checking blood pressure

how to read blood pressure

If you are a high blood pressure patient or happen to be around one, it is important that you learn how to read blood pressure. The first point to know is that there are two types of pressure that you need to measure: systolic pressure and diastolic pressure.

Systolic pressure refers to the pressure which occurs when the heart muscles contract, in particular the muscles in the left ventricle. Diastolic pressure, on the other hand, is the blood pressure which occurs in between heartbeats i.e. when the heart is resting and expanding.

When measuring the pressure, a larger number appears first which shows the systolic pressure. A smaller number follows, which shows the diastolic pressure. Alongside the figures, an abbreviation ‘mmHg’ materializes, which stands for ‘millimeter of mercury.’

Anyone who has a systolic pressure of 140 mmHg and a diastolic pressure of 90 mmHg or above for a prolonged period is said to be suffering from high blood pressure.


There are several symptoms which, if noticed in time, can be helpful in providing early treatment to the patient. One of the symptoms is a headache which lasts for a few days. Another visible sign is nausea and eventually, vomiting. A third sign to look for is faintness. It can include unstableness and vertigo. Moreover, blurry or double vision and nosebleeds are two other symptoms to look for in a person known to have high blood pressure. Furthermore, palpitations and breathlessness are common with elevated blood pressure.

Blood pressure can also elevate in newborns and young children. Symptoms to look for include fatigue, seizures, grumpiness, and breathing issues. For younger children experiencing intense levels of blood pressure, Bell’s palsy is another visible sign i.e. children are unable to control the muscles on one side of their face.

Whoever shows all or some of these symptoms should be taken to the doctor immediately. If you have already been diagnosed with a high level of blood pressure, you should get it checked on a frequent basis so as to avoid sudden mishaps.


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